Iowa Energy Consumption

The graphs and charts below feature statistics on Iowa energy consumption and economic indicators. You can compare these graphs for the state with whichever states you choose.

The indicators represent ratios of energy consumption per capita and per dollar of economic output, and provide a historical summary of the energy efficiency of the energy-consuming sectors in Iowa. These sectors include:

Total Energy Consumption for Iowa Per Capita

One measure of the energy intensity of the Iowa economy deals with the gross measure of total energy consumed divided by the state population. This per capita indicator is a good measure of energy consumption because decisions by individual consumers have an important effect on overall energy consumption.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) State Energy Data System (SEDS database).

Total Energy Consumption per Capita 1980 - 2011

(million Btu)

1980: 338.000000; 1981: 333.000000; 1982: 336.000000; 1983: 332.000000; 1984: 328.000000; 1985: 318.000000; 1986: 323.000000; 1987: 328.000000; 1988: 354.000000; 1989: 340.000000; 1990: 340.000000; 1991: 351.000000; 1992: 345.000000; 1993: 366.000000; 1994: 375.000000; 1995: 386.000000; 1996: 399.000000; 1997: 393.000000; 1998: 394.000000; 1999: 410.000000; 2000: 407.000000; 2001: 398.000000; 2002: 406.000000; 2003: 402.000000; 2004: 420.000000; 2005: 428.000000; 2006: 437.000000; 2007: 460.000000; 2008: 472.000000; 2009: 474.000000; 2010: 489.000000; 2011: 493.600000;
Iowa per capita energy consumption in 2011
(million Btu)
494
U.S. per capita energy consumption
(million Btu)
368
State rank for per capita energy consumption 5

Total Energy Consumption in Iowa per Dollar of Gross State Product

Many world political leaders use an energy intensity indicator that compares energy consumption with gross economic output instead of with population. For the United States, the economy is growing much faster than the population, which causes this graph to decrease more quickly (represented by a downward slope of the curve) than the graph above based on population (that is relatively flat).

Total Energy Consumption in Iowa per Dollar of Gross State Product 1980 - 2011

(million Btu / current dollars)

1980: 29.595; 1981: 25.804; 1982: 26.406; 1983: 25.885; 1984: 22.917; 1985: 22.129; 1986: 21.869; 1987: 20.983; 1988: 20.75; 1989: 18.577; 1990: 17.288; 1991: 17.305; 1992: 16.11; 1993: 16.693; 1994: 15.502; 1995: 15.445; 1996: 15.007; 1997: 14.005; 1998: 13.731; 1999: 13.571; 2000: 12.629; 2001: 12.253; 2002: 12.084; 2003: 11.226; 2004: 10.396; 2005: 10.21; 2006: 10.489; 2007: 10.268; 2008: 10.54; 2009: 10.569; 2010: 10.458; 2011: 10.356;

Source: EIA SEDS database and the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).

Total energy consumption in Iowa per dollar of gross state product in 2011
(Thousand Btu / (current and chained) dollars)
10.4
U.S. total energy consumption per gross national product
(Thousand Btu / (current and chained) dollars)
6.5
State rank 10

current dollars - show chained-2005 dollars

Iowa Energy Consumption by Sector

Analysts and political leaders sometimes look at the breakdown of energy consumption when considering energy policies aimed at conservation and increasing energy efficiency.

Unfortunately, this breakdown of consumption misses the key role that advances in technology and energy efficiency play in reducing consumption. The DOE Energy Information Administration (EIA) uses a "frozen technology scenario" to project energy savings from efficiency since 1980 as if technology did not advance after that year. Savings from efficiency investments compound over time. If one were to compound these savings since 1980, they would be equal to the annual equivalents of all energy obtained from petroleum and coal.

In 2011, energy consumption in Iowa divided into the major energy consuming sectors as follows:

Iowa Energy Consumption by Sector in 2011

(million Btu)

Commercial: 207.9; Industrial: 745.9; Residential: 245.9; Transportation: 312.9
Commercial 14%
Industrial 49%
Residential 16%
Transportation 21%

Source: DOE Energy Information Administration SEDS database.

For more energy consumption statistics by sector, see: