This is an excerpt from EERE Network News, a weekly electronic newsletter.

October 08, 2004

Pennsylvania Firms to Explore Hydrogen Production and Transport

DOE announced on October 8th awards of more than $7 million for two Pennsylvania-based companies to investigate new technologies for hydrogen production and transport.

Media and Process Technology Inc. of Pittsburgh will receive nearly $2.6 million over three years to develop carbon molecular sieve technology that produces and purifies hydrogen in a single step. The hydrogen is produced via the water-gas shift reaction, in which steam and carbon monoxide react to form carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The process would be used to generate hydrogen from the mixture of gases created by gasifying biomass, natural gas, coal, or other organic materials. The company will work on the project with Johnson Matthey Catalyst, ChevronTexaco, and the University of Southern California.

Air Products and Chemicals Inc. of Allentown will develop a process that uses a low-volatility fluid to absorb hydrogen, allowing it to be stored and transported using today's liquid fuel infrastructure. The process is reversible, allowing the hydrogen to be regenerated from the liquid at the delivery point. To achieve that feat, Air Products and its partners—United Technology Research Center and the Energy Institute at Penn State University—are using "novel, highly selective" catalyts. DOE expects to award nearly $4.7 million to the project over its four-year duration.

The projects are part of a larger $9.4 million award announced by Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham. See the DOE press release.