This is an excerpt from EERE Network News, a weekly electronic newsletter.
DOE Project to Generate Hydrogen from Coal
The road to a hydrogen economy became clearer on February 27th, as DOE and the State Department announced that the United States will lead a billion-dollar, 10-year, public-private partnership to build the world's first fossil-fuel plant that does not produce pollution. The roughly 275-megawatt power plant, known as FutureGen, will convert coal into a hydrogen-rich gas. Common air pollutants such as nitrogen and sulfur compounds, as well as mercury, will be removed from the coal gas, and carbon dioxide will be captured and sequestered in deep underground geologic formations. The hydrogen may be burned in a turbine or converted into electricity in a fuel cell, or it could be used in a refinery to upgrade petroleum products (hydrogen is a key ingredient in the production of low-sulfur fuels).
The project demonstrates the Bush Administration's approach to developing a hydrogen economy from a variety of domestic energy sources, including fossil fuels, while decreasing air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. See the DOE press release, which includes links to several relevant statements and fact sheets.