This is an excerpt from EERE Network News, a weekly electronic newsletter.

January 15, 2003

EIA: U.S. May Draw on Imports for 70 Percent of Oil by 2025

The U.S. dependence on oil imports will grow over the next 22 years, according to DOE's Energy Information Administration (EIA). Currently, the United States relies on imports to meet 55 percent of its petroleum needs, but by 2025, the EIA projects that percentage will grow to at least 65 percent and perhaps as high as 70 percent. In its Annual Energy Outlook 2002, released on January 9th, the EIA projects that a growing consumer appetite for large vehicles with poor fuel economies will cause the U.S. consumption of energy for transportation to increase 63 percent by 2025, an increase that cannot be met with domestic energy sources.

A similar trend is evident in residential energy consumption, which is projected to grow 26 percent by 2025. According to EIA, using the best available technologies would essentially halt that growth in energy use. To meet the growing U.S. demand for natural gas, the EIA assumes that an Alaskan natural gas pipeline and a pipeline in Canada's MacKenzie Delta will both be built, as well as several facilities for importing liquefied natural gas (LNG). See the EIA press release.

Turning to the full report, the EIA projects that renewable energy use will grow at an average rate of 2.2 percent per year through 2025, primarily due to state mandates for renewable electricity generation. About 55 percent of the projected demand for renewable energy in 2025 is for electricity generation and the rest is for distributed heating and cooling, industrial uses (including combined heat and power), and fuel blending with ethanol. See the full report (PDF 1.96 MB). Download Acrobat Reader.