Measurement and Verification in ESPCs

On Demand Training

3 hours

FEMP e-training

This course is intended to provide students with a thorough understanding of the key issues in measurement and verification (M&V) of energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) so that they can negotiate for better M&V in their projects. There are three modules. The first introduces basic M&V concepts such as the critical importance of M&V in performance contracts, the inherent un-measurability of savings, savings uncertainty, the difference between retrofit isolation and whole building M&V approaches, and the four IPMVP-sanctioned M&V "options." The second module discusses each of the M&V options in greater detail and provides guidance on why one would select a specific option over the others, given a realistic project scenario and energy conservation measure (ECM). The third module covers some of the common issues that one might encounter in evaluating an energy service company’s (ESCO’s) proposed M&V plan and introduces M&V resources available to help address them.

Learning objectives:

Upon completing this course, you will be able to:

  • Describe the background of energy savings performance contracts M&V and the M&V processs
  • Identify and choose the appropriate solution among the four M&V Options: retrofit isolation methods (option A and B), whole building utility bill method (Option C), and calibrated simulation (Option D)
  • Understand the four categories of operation characteristics in M&V applications: Constant Load, Timed Schedule (CLTS); Variable Load, Timed Schedule (VLTS); Constant Load, Variable Schedule (CLVS); and Variable Load, Variable Schedule (VLVS)
  • Recognize common issues in ESCOs' M&V plans and describe potential solutions; in addition, identify some of the key M&V resources from FEMP and other organizations and understand their applicability.

This e-learning course is hosted on the Whole Building Design Guide (WBDG) learning management system. To take the course, click the Start button below. Then log into the WBDG system to launch the course and take the multiple choice assessment. Students will earn .40 IACET CEUs upon successful completion of the course and assessment.

In partnership with Whole Buildings Design Guide, a program of the National Institute of Building Sciences. IACET logo


  • Phil Coleman, Technical Lead, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Read bio.
  • Shankar Earni, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Read bio.
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